What is flat feet, is there a problem?
Flat feet, also known as “low” arches, or pes planus in “medical” language, is considered a condition of postural (from the word posture – position, posture) deformation. By and large, this is a change in the shape of the foot, characterized by the omission of its longitudinal and transverse arches. Choose the best trainers for high arches.
Flat feet affects the arch of the foot, the main purpose of which is to absorb impacts while running when the load on the lower limbs increases many times. Flat feet suggests that the tendons, ligaments, and tiny bones in the arch of the foot collapse, causing the arch to drop down to a perfectly level position with the ground. It is generally accepted that flat feet are a rather disturbing condition that can lead to pain in the legs and muscles, back pain, physical disability, and injury from overuse. Various polls show that out of the total population, approximately 20-25% of people have problems with the arch of the foot, so flat feet are not uncommon. Moreover, many runners, some of whom are very successful, have flat feet. Platypodia can usually be determined with an orthopedic specialist, but you can check for yourself with a wet test. First, dip the sole of one of your feet into the water, then step on a piece of paper towel. Transfer all your weight to this leg, then remove it from the paper towel. If your feet are flat and the arch of the arch is broken, then the inner line of your foot will not bend much.
Types of flat feet
- Transverse flat feet – a condition in which the transverse arch of the foot flattens, the length of the feet decreases due to the fan-shaped divergence of the bones of the foot.
- Longitudinal flat feet – the longitudinal arch is flattened, and the foot is in contact with the floor with almost the entire area of the sole, the length of the feet increases. This variant of flat feet is in direct proportion to body weight: the greater the weight and load on the feet, the more pronounced the longitudinal flat feet.
- Combined flat feet – a combination of longitudinal and transverse.
Each of the types of flat feet can have one of three degrees, which vary depending on the severity and severity of problems with the arch of the foot:
- I degree. This stage is usually not noticed by a person. If it is present, there is a feeling of fatigue in the legs after physical exertion, for example, a long walk. At the end of the day, the foot with the first stage of flat feet swells and pain is felt when pressing on certain points.
- II degree. More pronounced flat feet with visible symptoms. The foot has already visually become flatter, and this can be seen with the naked eye. At the end of the day, a person feels pain, and it is more severe than in the presence of the first stage. It is important that in the presence of the second stage, the pathology covers not only the foot, but also the knee joints.
- III degree. This degree is already quite easily recognized by the pronounced deformity of the foot and constant pain. Very often, people with a third degree of flat feet find it difficult to walk even for a short time, the feet swell, pain appears not only in the knee, but also in the hip joints and in the lower back. Due to the uneven load on the spine, frequent headaches can occur. Visually, the third stage of flat feet is very often expressed by deformation of the fingers, the formation of bumps, ingrown nails and heel spurs.
Needless to say, at the last stage of flat-footedness, sports are no longer discussed. At the second stage, light training and dosed physical activity (for example, short jogging) under the supervision of a specialist and certainly with the use of orthopedic insoles and specially selected shoes are quite acceptable. When we talk about the initial stage of the disease, it is running in this case that can become extremely effective prevention of flat feet, especially in combination with exercises to strengthen the articular-muscular apparatus, correctly selected load and high-quality running shoes.